For Summer Cooling:
- Insulate – An attic insulation of R-30 will help achieve lower heating and cooling bills.
- Check the S.E.E.R. (Seasonal Energy Efficiency Rating) when you buy. This is the ratio of the total cooling provided during the cooling season to the total energy consumed by the air conditioner or heat pump. The higher the S.E.E.R., the more efficient the air conditioner and the less energy it will take to cool a home.
- Seal Ductwork – Leaky ductwork often accounts for 10-30% of total heating and cooling costs.
- Set temperature at 78 degrees. If you’re going to be away from home for a long period of time, set your thermostat even higher, or turn it off completely.
- Keep equipment clean – clean and/or replace air filters every month.
- Double pane/storm windows – provide additional insulation.
For Winter Heating:
- Insulate – Insulate the floor of your attic, add storm windows, weather-stripping and caulking to keep the warm air in. An insulation value of R-13 in the floor will help achieve greater comfort and lower heating bills. If you have a fireplace, close the damper when not in use.
- Check the H.S.P.F. (Heating Season Performance Factor) when you buy an electric heat pump. This is the ratio of the total heat provided during the heating season to the total energy consumed by the heat pump. The higher the H.S.P.F., the more efficient the electric heat pump.
- Set temperature at 68 degrees.
- Keep the equipment clean. Check and clean your filter regularly.
For Maximum Savings & Comfort:
- Keep all individual room supply registers open.
- Keep the outdoor unit free of debris.
- Do not place lamps or other heat-producing appliances near the thermostat.
- Use the fireplace sparingly. It sends your home’s heat up the chimney.
- In the summer, use shades, miniblinds or curtains to keep your home cooler.
- Operate ceiling fans during the cooling season. Turn lights off when not in use.
- Use LED lighting whenever possible.
To Lower Your Cost to Heat Water:
- Insulate your hot water pipes.
- Set the water thermostat to no higher than 140 degrees.
- Centrally locate the water heater to areas of greatest use.
- Use cold water or warm water for laundry and household cleaning.
- Reduce shower time and install a low-flow showerhead.
- Repair leaky faucets. Little drips add up.
- If you will be away from home for a long period of time, turn the electric water heater off at the breaker.